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A Prepper’s Guide on How to Build a Long Term Survival Shelter

Learn four steps to follow if you want to build a long-term survival shelter when the situation gets nasty. The process is so simple that anyone can pull it off provided he or she has the right information. You too can do it. Use this resource to build a suitable shelter to meet your needs and requirements.

Knowing how to build a long-term survival shelter is perhaps the most basic survival strategies a prepper should hone. A long-term survival shelter is vital if your retreat or home is compromised due to an extended period of collapse. In such cases, a low-quality family tent or a poncho shelter will only serve you for so long. 

Such shelter should be able to protect you and your loved ones from the direct effects of the elements. It should also be strong enough to resist wild animals. While you need to have some survival skills, you need not be a professional to build a long-term survival shelter. Here you can also read about Permanent Shelter in the Wilderness click here.

You can learn and master the necessary skills by reading this tutorial. It aims to provide you with reliable information to help you build a dependable shelter for long-term survival in case SHTF. Even more beautiful is that you can build it using natural resources you obtain from the environment.

The Necessary Tools and Equipment

•    Axe

•    Hatchet

•    Shovel

•    Large knife

•    Multi-tool

•    Paracord

•    Lighter

•    Tarp

•    Heavy duty gloves

•    Bivvy Sack

The raw materials for building this survival structure are available in the woods. The listed tools and equipment should aid you in building it. Ensure you put safety first by using gloves and other safety gear. You do not want any tool to fail when you need it most. Therefore, ensure you check the condition of the tools before you pack them. You may include all the tools you need but remember to keep things light.

Steps To Follow To Build a Long-Term Shelter

Step 1: Find a Prime Spot for the Shelter

You cannot afford to be injudicious when it comes to picking the spot for building your long-term shelter. The spot should be in a location that will let you sleep and rest peacefully. The no-go zones include muddy, swampy or bumpy grounds.

It’s a brilliant idea to build it close to a water source. However, it would be a terrible idea to establish it right next to a water source. This is because the water level could suddenly rise and flood your shelter in a matter of seconds.

Also, avoid locating the shelter directly under a stiff cliff or in a lower ground. The aim is to protect the shelter from landslides or surface runoff following a heavy downpour. While it may be nice to situate the shelter on a raised or higher ground, such areas are in the direct pathway of strong winds.

The best ground for building a long shelter is a flat area surrounded by proximity terrains. It is easier to build a shelter on such ground. Besides, you will start a fire with much ease. In case you fail to find a flat spot then you can dig trenches or try to flatten the ground as you possibly can.

Step 2: Determine Your Needs and Preferences

A survival shelter does not have to be comfortable. However, it should be able to offer you adequate protection from the elements as well as other influences from the environment. The first consideration should be the capacity. How many people are going to use the shelter?

You also need to consider how much time you will spend in the shelter. The prevailing temperature of the area is as important just as the overall weather of the area. The kind of shelter you build also depends on whether you will start a fire within the shelter or outside. Failure to take care of these issues could predispose you to the complications of extreme temperatures.

Step 3: Draw a Design for Your Long-Term Shelter

Talking of long-term survival shelters, you have to choose from a pull of designs. Each of the designs possesses unique qualities to suit different situations and well as needs. The answers to questions posed in step two above should guide you on the design to choose. Here are some common long-term survival shelter designs:

•    Lean-To Design  

This design is extremely simple to build. It also provides lots of space. All you need are tall standing trees, branches, and limbs. Select two tall trees that are approximately 6 to 8 feet apart. Collect some straight and strong branches.

Using a paracord, tie a long branch across the two trees forming a reversed U-shaped frame. You can then arrange smaller branches and limbs along the frame to the bottom and securing them with additional paracord. Cover the gaps in the shelter with additional branches, leaves, bushes, and appropriate debris.

•    A Wicki-Up Design

Building a Wicki-up shelter is a little bit more involving than building a lean-to shelter. To build it, you will need a lot more branches to form a frame. The size of the frame will determine the overall size of the resultant shelter. Once you make the frame, use additional branches, bushes, leaves, and debris to cover gaps.

Find a few dozens of long branches and bind them together to construct a funnel frame. Set the funnel upside down and cover it with similar vegetations. The result is a well-ventilated shelter that will protect you from elements. If the cover you use consists of fresh and wet vegetation then you can start a fire within.

•    Snow Cave Shelter Design

This shelter design is ideal for survival during winter. A snow cave will offer you perfect shelter from cold weather and freezing winds. To build this kind of shelter, select a spot with a very deep snow bank. Use your shovel to scoop snow in order to dig a tunnel into the side of the snow bank.

Dig up enough space within the snow bank to fit your needs. Ensure the top of the sleeping compartment is a few inches away from the snow surface above. This is to prevent the roof from collapsing due to weight. Poke a few holes within the surface to act as ventilators.

Step 4: Finish Building Your Shelter

You have now learned how to make the three different types. The type you choose is entirely your prerogative. Once you have your shelter, slide the supplies you need to have a resting and sleeping place. Ensure there is enough room for everyone who will be responsible in the wilderness.

If the ground you have chosen is not flat or has poor drainage then you can dig trenches around to prevent your shelter from being flooded by surface runoff. You also need to ensure the cover is thick enough to provide you with good insulation from the elements.

Final Thoughts  

That is how to build a long-term survival shelter. It is simple as that. As you can see, it does not require any special skills or professional training to pull off. Do not try to make something complex because a survival shelter does not have to be as comfortable as your house. The good thing now is that you know what to do in case you find yourself in a dire situation that interrupts your normal life.

Best Water Shoes For Hiking Reviews (2018)

It is easy for water to get into your feet and trap moisture, which could cause adverse health effects on your feet and also reduce the life span of your shoes. Purchasing the best water shoes for hiking should, therefore, be your ultimate objective if you’re an outdoor activities enthusiast.

If you like cycling , you can visit site MTBs Lab to read moro information 

Preview

Product

Our Rating

KEEN Men's Arroyo II Sandal

LOUECHY Men's Notus Casual Hiking Shoes


Columbia Men's Drainmaker III Water Shoe

Clorts 3H020B

LOUECHY Men's Ponrea Mesh Hiking Shoes Water Shoes Breathable Outdoor Sneakers Walking Shoe

​Best Water Shoes For Hiking Reviews

Here are the reviews of some of the highly regarded water shoes that you need to consider purchasing;

1. KEEN Men's Arroyo II Sandal

Via Amazon.com

Keen is a brand that has been consistent in producing high quality and reliable footwear for the longest time. This particular one from the brand also features leather fabric with a rubber sole.

The design is impeccable and even has laces that allow you to tighten the shoes if the need arises. This product is supple and provides a good fit to prevent it from slipping out of your feet.

The heel measures about 2 inches and the construction contain vents that enhance breathability and waterproof. The Aroyo II combines all the ideal features that a trail shoe and sandal would present. ​I consider ​it's my best water hiking sandals.

This is an ideal footwear that defines outdoor activity shoes to wear. It provides better experience especially when you get the right size for your feet.

best water hiking sandals

Pros

  • Made of a suitable leather material
  • Ideal design that allows for sufficient breathability and waterproof
  • Patented rubber sole with excellent grip
  • plus
    Durable construction
  • plus
    Easy to wear and to remove

Cons

  • The large holes might enable pebbles to enter and prick your foot.
  • Considerably expensive

2. LOUECHY Men's Notus Casual Hiking Shoes

Via Amazon.com

This is a Louechy product that presents some of the best features that you can ever get in any hiking shoes. The material used for constructing this pair is high grade and guarantees high quality.

The design features a mesh at the upper section and padded rubber outsole that provides non-slip impact. This Louechy pair of shoes is also lightweight and designed to meet the needs of everyday hiker.

The laces also provide more stability when in the shoes and the entire shoes is well cushioned to provide you with ultimate comfort.

Pros

  • Easy to wash and dries faster
  • Durable construction
  • Lightweight
  • plus
    Rubber sole guarantees slip-resistance
  • plus
    Constructed using high-quality fabrics
  • plus
    Mesh fabric enhances breathability
  • plus
    ComfortableIdeal for varied outdoor activities

Cons

  • You have to get the right size for best experience

This is an ultimate and ​best water and hiking shoes, suitable for someone who prefers to have one that can be used in undertaking different outdoor activities. It is worth the pric​​e.

best water and hiking shoes

3. Columbia Men's Drainmaker III Water Shoe

Via Amazon.com

if you are a vegetarian then you can not ignore this best vegan hiking shoes.This footwear is manufactured by Columbia, one of the most consistent footwear brands with esteemed reputation. The design features mesh fabric and single-pull lacing system. The sole is made from a rubber material that prevents the wearer from slipping and is well distributed to enable the user to feel the comfort and ease when walking in them.

(Discover more at: ardentfootsteps.com/vegan-hiking-boots/)

The collar is padded for better feeling even after prolonged usage. The shoes are lightweight, waterproof and do not retain moisture hence good breathability. There are ports at the midsole part that helps in draining water and air flow.

This pair of shoes is relatively expensive, but it is suitable for any outdoor activity as it provides great experience and comfort to the feet.

Pros

  • Easy to dry
  • Slip-resistance
  • Comfortable
  • plus
    Durable construction
  • plus
    Easy to wear and to remove
  • plus
    Constructed using high-quality fabrics
  • plus
    Safe on your feet

Cons

  • Reasonably expensive

4. Clorts 3H020B

Via Amazon.com

Innovatively designed, this is one of the ​best shoes for hiking through water. The construction features 60% mesh fabric and 40% PU. Cushioning is well done that supports faster drying and healthy shoe environment. The PU leather material helps in providing the necessary breathability and as well as the durable air mesh.

best shoes for hiking through water

The entire construction is also lightweight and also has an excellent bounce midsole. Additionally, the sole is also made of rubber which makes it non-slippery. This pair also has a fast lacing buckle that allows you to tighten and loosen it easily.

This particular type of shoes is ideal for a variety of adventures. It is quite pricey, but you can be certain that the features are worth the price.

Pros

  • Easily adjustable lacing buckle
  • High breathability
  • Non-slippery rubber soles
  • plus
    Durable construction
  • plus
    Appealing, innovative design
  • plus
    Dries relatively faster
  • plus
    Lightweight

Cons

  • Comparatively expensive

5. LOUECHY Men's Ponrea Mesh Hiking Shoes Water Shoes Breathable Outdoor Sneakers Walking Shoe

Via Amazon.com

This is one of the best and innovatively designed water shoes from Louchey. It features a rubber outsole which enhances non-slippery effects and a mesh textile on the upper side of the shoes that facilitates drainage of water and breathability.

The construction also contains stretchy laces that help in more relaxed and convenient wearing.

The rubber toe bumper and heel counter make this particular water shoe release moisture faster and also quick drying. The material used for constructing this unit is high grade, and the design itself is appealing. You’re guaranteed of high comfort when wearing this pair of shoes from Louechy.

Pros

  • Relatively affordable
  • Innovatively constructed
  • Rubber outsole prevents slipping
  • Quick drying
  • Comfortable
  • Easy to wear and to remove
  • plus
    Ideal for a variety of outdoor activities

Cons

  • Somewhat rough heel

The design and features for this pair of shoes are some of the great aspects that it presents. Given that the price is also affordable, you necessarily can get purchase it.


Buying Guide For ​Top Rated Water Hiking Shoes

water hiking shoes

Essentially, the popularity of water shoes has become enormous in the recent past. Many people are flooding both online and offline stores to look for these shoes. However, it should be noted that different brands manufacture these types of shoes. Therefore, they tend to differ in many aspects, which is the compelling reason why you need to look into before purchasing one.

Of course, we understand how time-consuming and mind-boggling the entire process of picking the most suitable one can be. But this guide is here to help you in making the best decision that would ​support you to go home with suitable water shoes for your hiking needs.

Material

This is indeed a significant aspect that you must look into when picking ideal water shoes for hiking. They are often made of different materials, and some may not be necessarily suitable for long-term use in hiking. It is thus essential to make sure that you go for a material that does not retain any bit of moisture. As earlier stated, it can lead to a foot infection and also make reduces the lifespan of the shoes.

An ideal material is therefore that allows your feet to be flexible in the shoes, comfortable and enables you to walk without feeling any pinch. Remember hiking can be exhaustive and you wouldn’t like to get shoes that rather add burden to the already challenging task. It is also important to understand that the particular type of material also depends on your preference.

And if the material is elastic, it is also prudent to ensure that it will not necessarily stretch too loosely until it becomes difficult for your feet to fit suitably. The material should also never be one that can overstretch to the extent of putting your foot out of position especially when steeping uphill.

Sole

The type of sole that your preferred water shoes for hiking have is also a fundamental element that you need to consider. The sole determines whether or not you’ll be safe throughout the hike.

Make sure that you go for a sole that provides enough grip. You see the reason for this is that you’re never sure what surfaces you will step on. Some will be extremely slippery whereas other will be rugged.

Essentially, ensure that the particular type of sole for the shoes you’re picking can withstand all the unfavorable conditions it might be subjected to when hiking. The grip is necessary because it will prevent you from sliding, which can be harmful and would even lead to severe injuries.

Design

As stated earlier, different brands have different shoe designs. It is a factor that you need to consider because it also plays a vital role in hiking. Some shoes have laces while others do not. In this case, it is upon you to decide what you think suits your preference in regards to the design. Shoes with laces are recommended because they hold the shoes tightly on your feet, which is a good thing considering that you hiking often happens in irregular terrains.

​Non-laced shoes for hiking are also ideal. The only drawback is that some, especially those made of elastic material can at times slip off from your foot when walking in rugged terrains. It is an experience you would not particularly wish to encounter. However, if you get a better fitting type of non-laced, shoes, it is also appropriate if you purchase them.

​Shape

Non-laced shoes for hiking are also ideal the only drawback is that some, especially those made of elastic material can at times slip off from your foot when walking in rugged terrains. It is an experience you would not particularly wish to encounter. However, if you get a better fitting type of non-laced, shoes, it is also appropriate if you purchase them.

Shape is the other element that surrounds the design. You also need to make sure that the shape of the shoe is ideally appropriate for hiking.

Price

The price for these shoes varies depending on numerous factors. The type of material used, the design and the brand are among the few contexts that determine the cost of particular shoes for hiking. The stores selling these kinds of shoes also determine the price.

When buying these products, however, it is advisable that you first identify the specific type that you’re looking for. Afterwards, window shop in various stores to help you compare prices to get a better deal. This is primarily when you’re operating on a tight budget.

But the most important thing is to ensure that the price tag for a particular shoe that you’re buying is worth the quality. Make sure that you get value for your money regardless of the amount you are paying to obtain the shoes.

Brand

This is arguably one of the most substantial factors that should determine your selection when looking for best water shoes for hiking. There are renowned companies that have stood the test of time in manufacturing these types of shoes, especially in regards to quality.

On the other hand, there are also other emerging brands that also produce quality shoes for hiking, but the only difference is that their brands are little known. What you necessarily need to do is making sure that the particular brand you’re selecting is known for manufacturing outstanding shoes suitable for this purpose.

But it should also be understood that not all the renowned brands have a specialty in producing quality regarding shoes for hiking. It is thus essential to figure out the particular brands that can at the very least produce shoes that have features which suits your specific needs.

Conclusion

Understandably, this review has factored in what are some of the highly rated water shoes for hiking. It is possible that there might be other brands in the market but before you choose to purchase any of them ensure you consider the ones mentioned above, of course depending on your budget.

Hiking should be an exciting activity, and it would be disastrous that you fail to wear the right shoes that guarantees safety and comfort throughout the trekking. Choose a best water shoes for hiking for you right now! 

Best Water Shoes For Hiking

How To Fix A Misaligned Zipper In 7 Easy Steps

While zippers are definitely among the most handy-dandy small devices ever invented, they also come with a wide array of problems, one of which is misalignment. You know, when the slider (a.k.a. the thing you slide over the zipper tape) skips a few tabs or so? Or when you mistakenly zipped it up without properly aligning from the bottom? Misalignment is a common cause of zipper jamming, malfunctioning, or breakage.

This can be a nuisance and might just cause your jacket or jeans on the donate pile. However, what most of us don’t realize is that fixing the zipper is very simple and requires only a few basic tools and minutes of your time. So, here is a guide on how to fix a misaligned zipper.

Materials You Will Need

Lubricant

Lubricant

Sometimes, when you got a ​misaligned two way zipper, it also gets stuck or jammed, which makes repair a little more challenging. Lubricants can be used to get things going and allow the slider to be adjusted.

misaligned two way zipper

Dry Lubricants

Wet Lubricants

Seam ripper

You may need to unstitch the zipper from your garment, bag, or equipment to make it easier to repair. For this purpose, a seam ripper or sharp blade will come in handy. If you don’t have those, a small pair of scissors could work as well.

A Pair of Pliers, a Screwdriver, or a Kitchen Knife

screwdriver

Pliers are the best tools to help you remove the stops, the slider, or teeth that may be causing the problem. You can also use them to reattach or replace them. If you don’t have pliers, you can use a flat-tipped screwdriver or kitchen knife. Just be extra careful with the knife as it can damage the stops or cause them to go flying across the room.

Needle and Thread or a Sewing Machine

Needle and Thread or a Sewing Machine

After repairing your zipper, you will need these to attach it back to your garment or bag. You can stitch it by hand, or you can use a machine to make the work much faster, especially if you’re dealing with a long or large zipper.

Zipper Replacement Parts

During repair, you may have to replace broken, malfunctioning, or missing parts of the zipper.

Instructions On How To Fix A Misaligned Zipper

Before we get into the details of fixing a zipper, it might help for you to first recognize the parts of a zipper as shown in these pictures below:

Now, You’re Ready To Start Fixing your Zipper.

Step 1. Remove the top stops.

As shown in the pictures, a zipper has two top stops and two bottom stops which prevent the slider from coming off of it. To reset and fix the alignment of your zipper, you must remove either the two bottom stops or the two top stops if the bottom has a retainer box and pin system. To do this, grab a pair of pliers to pull away from the stops and set them aside. You can also use a kitchen knife or screwdriver for this task.

Step 2. Remove the slider.

Once the stops have come off, you can now move the slider to the top or bottom of the zipper, whichever way the removed stops where initially positioned.

Step 3. Lubricate a jammed zipper.

If the slider is stuck, this is the time you can use your lubricants. Try the graphite stick or pencil first by rubbing it on the teeth nearest to the slider. Then, try moving the slider back and forth along the zipper to loosen it up. This may require a little force, but once the slider starts moving, your job becomes easier. In case the graphite method fails, use wet lubricants.

Step 4. Realign the zipper’s teeth.

Now, realign the bottom part of the two zipper tapes. Also, check for any deformed or missing teeth that may have caused the misalignment. Use your pliers to replace these or restore their shape.

Step 5. Slip the slider back.

Once the tapes are aligned, you can now slip back the slider from the top. If your zipper has a retainer box at the bottom, you can start by putting the slider all the way down on the side of the box.

Then, insert the pin on the other tape into the slider. Make sure to pull it all the way down into the retainer box. Try zipping up to the point before the removed stops should be. Ensure that the zipper stays aligned and closes properly.

Step 6. Put the stops back in place.

Since the problem is now solved, you can seal the zipper again by putting the stops back using pliers.

Step 7. Finish it up

If you removed the zipper, you could now stitch it back. You can even replace damaged stops by simply sewing the two zipper tapes securely together where the stops should be. 

You can also watch this quick video demonstration to know ​how to fix an uneven zipper on a jacket.

how to fix an uneven zipper on a jacket

Conclusion

Congratulations! You now know how to fix a misaligned zipper and might just be able to save a beloved piece of clothing or an otherwise perfect bag or tent. You might be surprised at how helpful this skill can be.

Did you learn something from this tutorial? If so, please feel free to share it with your friends and family. Do leave your comments or questions below as well!

What Are The Best No Cook Backpacking Meals? The Recipes You Need To Know!

Because camping, trekking or hiking with no stoves, pots, pans, and other cooking utensils is so much easier, no cook backpacking meals have now become very popular. Not only does this save you from carrying several extra pounds but it also gives you more time to enjoy nature without having to worry about cleaning up or preparing your meals.

What are the Best No Cook Backpacking Meals?

Of course, backpacking meals should be packed with nutrients and calories to provide you strength and energy. They also don’t have to be unhealthy or expensive. In fact, you might be surprised at the number of choices and ways you can prepare them. For easy, tasty recipes and ideas on what you can eat without cooking or heating, check out this list!

1. Meats

meat

The trail is not the best environment for keeping meat fresh. Thankfully, there are cured and preserved meats that do not need refrigeration. These are ideal additions to your meals or a good snack by themselves. These include:

  • Jerky. You can buy these thin dried strips of fish or meat, usually beef, or you can make them yourself with a food dehydrator. These are light and also provides a great balance of protein, fats, and carbs.
  • Sala​mi
  • star-o
    Peppe​roni
  • star-o
    Mini summer saus​ages
  • star-o
    Tuna chunks or flakes in oil or water like this tuna in an easy tear-open package that does not require draining or a can opener. It’s great for sandwiches, wraps, salads, or on its own straight from the pouch. It also comes in different flavors like Ranch, Hickory Smoked, Lemon Pepper, and Sweet & Spicy. 

2. Cheeses

cheeses

Cheese is a great source of protein, healthy fats, and minerals like calcium, iron, magnesium, zinc, phosphorus, and vitamins A and B12. You can eat it on its own or with bread, meat, crackers, or in wraps. The following aged hard cheeses will stay good outside the fridge longer:

  • Cheddar
  • star-o
    Parmesan
  • star-o
    Gouda
  • star-o
    Asiago
  • star-o
    Fontina
  • star-o
    Carmody

3. Trail Mix, Granola Bars, or Fiber Bars

Trail Mix, Granola Bars, or Fiber Bars

Dried fruits give you a sugar boost but are healthier than candy. Nuts and seeds, if roasted, provide healthy fats and oils and proteins. Cereals provide energy-giving sugars and fiber. Trail mix is a light, nutritious, and handy treat on the trail. Fiber bars and granola bars are just basically another form of what’s in a trail mix. Here’s what you can add to your mix:

Dried fruits

Fresh wild berries

Nuts

Seeds

Granola or cereal

4. Bagels

Bagels

Bagels are great for breakfast sandwiches since they are less delicate but more moist and fluffy than other carbohydrate choices for trails. You can eat them with any or a combination of the following:

  • Peanut butter and jelly or banana
  • star-o
    Cream cheese (in single-use packets)
  • star-o
    Salmon
  • star-o
    Dried fruit
  • star-o
    M&M’s
  • star-o
    Ham
  • star-o
    Tuna

4. Crackers

Crackers are also a great, filling food rich in sodium and carbohydrates. Prevent them from breaking and getting crushed by hanging them outside you backpack in a bag or bandana. You can also eat them with cheese and meat for a complete, satisfying meal.

5. Oatmeal

Oatmeal

Oatmeal is another unbeatable instant breakfast food. For a nutritious and easy meal, combine oatmeal with hot or cold water, whichever is available, and top with dried fruits, some nuts, and a little honey. You can also add some powdered milk or get the instant oatmeal packets than only need hot water.

Quaker Instant Oatmeal Variety Pack of 48 packets is a cheap option. It only costs less than $20 and contains single-serving packets that only take 90 seconds to prepare. Simply add water and stir.

6. Wraps

veggie wraps

Wraps are the first things that come to mind when I think of a quick, easy, and complete meals with all the things you need like proteins, veggies, fats, and carbs. Pita is also a durable type of bread that can survive being unrefrigerated and packed. There are also hundreds of fillings that you can roll inside a pita wrap for a meal or a heavy snack. Here are some ideas:

Veggie Wraps

Pizza Wraps

Burritos

Tuna Wraps

Snack wraps

Conclusion

No cook backpacking meals tend to be boring and monotonous especially during long trips. Fortunately, there are tons of meal ideas and ingredients that you can mix and match for some variety, like those mentioned here. Whether you prefer to bring a stove or not, these meals are definitely a must-try!