How to set up a Baitcasting Reel – Beginners Guide

Setting up a Baitcasting reel is an important step in becoming an expert in using them and getting the best results. No one wants the frustrations of the backlashes when the spool is spinning very fast, and the line is dragging itself in water. The outcome of the backlash is a line overrunning itself and ends up in a tangle.

Every angler knows that the first best choice she can make is to have the best reel. Having the best reel does not automatically give you the best catch but following some various fishing rules to have the best catch by the time you live the fishing spot.

Getting the best fishing experience without setting up the rod will likely lead to disappointing and a strenuous fishing trip that is why it is in your best interest to have the best knowledge in setting up the Baitcasting reel.

It is important for you to learn how to set up a Baitcasting reel, to achieve this we will take you through all the essential steps of setting up and adjusting a baitcaster.

Line Choices

If you are a learner and want to get the best results, using a monofilament as a line of choice. Most people who use fluorocarbon or braid get frustrated trying to set up the lines. The stiffness of fluorocarbon is why monofilament is the preferred selection, getting a backlash when your choice of line is a fluorocarbon weakens the line and can easily cause breakage later. On the other hand, the braided can create worse backlashes because of its smooth texture that may force you to cut out huge chunks of line to become usable.

It is for this reasons that you should use the monofilament (one that weights between 12 to 15 pounds) if you want to catch fish in most situations.  

To get the best of your reel, fill it under the pool’s edge to the maximum to avoid overruns. Tie the lure on to a rig that you use frequently and wait for the bait.

The Spool Tension

The tension knob is that small dial on the side of the plate, which also on the same side as the handle and drag star. You need to adjust the tension correctly as the first step in setting the baitcasting reel for a smooth casting day.

Hold the rod facing 2 O’clock and bring your lure up until there are at least 8-12 inches of the line drawn. Tighten the tension knob until you feel some light pressure building up, then push the thumb bar and release the lure at this point the lure should be dropping slowly or not at all. Ease the pressure on the tension knob until the pressure until it starts to fall on its own.

Continue reeling until the lure can fall within three seconds, with the correct tension; you will experience any cable overrun when it hits the ground. Please note that each bait work with different tension control.

Brake Adjustments

Getting the brakes right can be tricky when it comes to adjusting the Baitcasting reel. You need to familiarize yourself with the two kinds of braking system used in Baitcasting reel. Every manufacturer designs their breaks differently and performs according to the brand you are using. Here are the two types of breaks:

Centrifugal Brakes

These brakes use small weights on the inside of the plates to activate the braking. You access the plates by unscrewing one side and lifting a lever leading to the plates. Inside the plate, you notice even arrangement of pegs that can be adjusted to the in or out position.

Pushing it on the out (ON) position means, you are transferring more weights on the outside and ends up creating more centrifugal forces on the Baitcasting reel causing it to slow down. Always leave the pegs in a symmetrical pattern, which creates a balance. You can do 2, 3, 4, or 6 pegs to create the symmetry.

Magnetic Brakes

These brakes are easy to understand and adjust because they use a dial on the outside the reel plate that adjusts the brake strength. The dial adjusts between a MIN of 1 and MAX of 10, here the higher the setting, the more breaking applied.

Hybrid Brakes

Some Baiting cast reels use both the magnetic and centrifugal brakes the adjustments are the same, but each needs to be set a little lower, which may be a bit complicated to some anglers. Therefore, you had better stick to what you know.

The Drag

Setting the drag on a Baitcasting reel should be so simple. Look for the star-shaped dial lying between the reel handle and the reel body. Turn the star forward to tighten the drag and inwards to loosen. To tighten the drag and make it tight enough not to slip on the hookset and strong enough not to give away, tug and click the star wheel down until the line is ready to pull off the spool.

Making the Adjustments

Now that you know the different components and working mechanisms of the Baitcasting reel take time and check your spool tension and brakes in the best way as explained above. Take some test cats and see how it all goes, make the tension on the casts as you become comfortable.

Do not focus so much on the backlashes if you are a beginner because you need to get the distance right and a lot of practice in controlling the spool using your thumb. As you get the hints correctly lower the brakes and start enjoying the long casts.

Make sure your brakes are on a windy day. Casting your line hard on a windy climate without properly siting the brakes without proper knowledge on using the thumb is a call for a backlash. Instead, turn up the brakes and roll cats to reduce the chances of an overrun on a windy day.

Conclusion

The success of angler depends on experience and skills, when you do not catch enough fish for the day it does not mean that you are ignorant on matters related to fishing. The best is to look for the best Baitcasting reel for a better fishing outing. Better still, this article is a perfect guide to help you achieve more.

What should I know about Bowie Knives?

What is a Bowie knife? 

A Bowie knife is a long knife with a cross guard and a double-edged blade. The knife was thought to be part of a gentleman's outfit. Bowie Knife has perfect quality compared to penknife, dirk or any other knives. The knife is used for skinning games or bought by knife fools for their collection. The knife used today is like a respectable wild survival knife.

The Jim Bowie knife is primarily designed to be a combat knife that is easy to control, convenient and wearable. The knife was so heavy that it allowed enough force to pierce through the foliage or meat with a single swing that was best used as a survival tool.

History of Bowie knives

Large Bowie knife was created in the early 19th century in Washington, USA. The Bowie knife was originally made by a blacksmith named James Black for Jim Bowie an American pioneer and a Texas hero.

How to take care of your Bowie knife

It is important to make sure you take care of your deer hunting knife to make sure it lasts longer. The most important thing is to sharpen the knife regularly to make sure your tongue does not tarnish. A blunt blade is considered a dangerous blade because you will have to use more force to achieve the same result.

It is important to keep the tactical Bowie knife dry and clean to ensure there is no rust or dust buildup. The best way to clean a hunting knife is to use a clean cloth and apply metal rubbing powder to ensure excellent protection of the blade.

After use, wipe damp and fingerprints with clean cotton. In case your knife has some stains or stains, you can try to remove stains by using metal polishes or detergents. To prevent your tongue from staining, it is important to keep it clean and dry.

For Bowie knife collectors for future generations, you must also avoid fingerprints and moisture. It is essential to store your knives in a cool room with low humidity, comfortable for you to live as this will ensure that they are as safe as you are.

Also, make sure you periodically check your best Bowie knife to ensure they are safe by wiping the knife once a month. If you allow your knife to deteriorate due to lack of maintenance, your collection can quickly lose value.

Is Bowie Knife a great choice?

The bowie knife is an excellent choice and can do most jobs outside of chopping through larger pieces of timber. The skinning knife is multipurpose and can be used for skinning, chopping, and whittling. Also, a bowie knife in terms of self-defense is solid equipment.  Arming yourself with a Bowie knife is important and it can offer you sufficient protection if well used.

What else should you know about a bowie knife? It can be used as a carving knife, box opener, a draw knife, and a can opener. The stiletto is sturdy with a tough bristle that can do a whole bunch of diverse things fairly well.

The best features to observe when selecting a Bowie Knife

It is important that you know the best features to check when buying a knife. If you can observe the following features when buying a Bowie knife, you are assured that you will buy a quality dagger.

Material

While buying your tactical Bowie knife, you must ensure that you buy a quality material. Hunting knives can be made from traditional carbon steel or contemporary stainless steel alloys. If you want to buy the best knife, you should prefer the carbon steel version because it is easy to sharpen and maintain a sharp blade for a long time.

The size of the blade

The size of the blade is determinant of your intended purpose. If you want a knife for chopping wood or clearing wood, a large knife is useful. However, a knife with small blades allows for better accuracy and can be used for many bushcraft skills such as fishermen and hunters.

The Length of the Blade

A custom bowie knife has a standard length of 9.5 inches. It is important that you but a knife with inches between 7.9.5 inches and not shorter than 5 inches. A lengthy blade increases the multi-functionality of the knife.

Final Thought

A bowie knife is a vital tool that everyone should own. It is best used as a survival tool and can be used for various activities such as hunting. The article has offered insight on taking care of your bowie knife to ensure that it last longer. Also, it has offered the best factors to consider when selecting the best Bowie knives.

Why Proper Footwear Is So Important for Fisherman

Every fisherman knows how important the right equipment is.

You can almost always tell the experienced fisherman by their rod and reel. Even though there is a long-ru​​​​nning debate on the importance of a reel over a rod, both are important. 

You know someone fishing with a tangled line, bent pole, and a reel that makes more noise than a lawnmower isn’t likely to catch many fish.

Selecting the Right Footwear for Fishing

Selecting the right pole is important, but selecting the right footwear is also critical.

Most of us give no thought to our shoes when we go fishing. We immediately select an old pair of shoes or hiking boots we’ve had for years. Sure, they may work, but they aren’t the best choice for fishing. Shoes with features and functions designed specifically for fishing and boating can improve your haul and comfort during your next fishing trip.

A Closer Look at Fishing and Boating Shoes

There are several important characteristics for a shoe designed for fishing and boating.

The first is a slip-resistant outer sole. Anyone who has spent time on a dock or boat will know how slippery it can be. The water and oil can make footing tricky. A slip-resistant sole uses a soft rubber-like material that grips the surface. The tread whisks water away with every step, instead of trapping water so you hydroplane. A stable design, with support for movement, is also important. This provides a sure step to make movement and stability easier even on a rocking boat.

A water-resistant design does nothing other than trap water inside the shoe. You need a shoe that is breathable, lightweight, and comfortable. These additional benefits will let your shoe dry and keep your foot healthy, even during a wet fishing trip.

1. Safety First!

Fishing can be dangerous and injury can be more common than you might think.

Slip-resistant shoes can prevent many of the slips and falls that are common when fishing and they are much safer than the old gym shoes or boots that many of us wear when fishing. Make sure the sole is a soft, slightly pliable, synthetic material, and provides traction even on water or oil.

2. Comfort and Convenience in Fishing Shoes

Look for lightweight, stable shoes with the necessary support, even on a swaying boat. A breathable material that helps drain water rather than trapping it is also important. It’ll keep your feet dry even when you get water in the shoes.

3. Protect Your Boat

Finally, it seems like a small matter, but you should find a shoe that helps protect your boat as much as your feet. Look for non-marking shoes that won’t scuff the boat or ding the fiberglass.  

Make the Most of Your Time with the Right Footwear

While most of us spend time finding the perfect rod and reel, we don’t give much thought to footwear.

The right footwear, especially shoes designed for fishing and boating, is an important part to having a fun successful fishing trip. Sure, your shoes aren’t going to catch more fish, but they take care of your feet and keep you safe. Then you can focus your attention on the task at hand - catching those fish!

Types of Flotation Devices and When to Use Them

A huge number of drownings in the U.S. are a result of ignorance. Ignorance in terms of not wearing lifesaving jackets. According to the United States Coast Guard, 9 out of 10 deaths occur on inland waters. That translates to 90% of drownings happening just on the edge of safety.

Even shocking is the fact that the victims owned a personal flotation device, but they didn’t wear them. The U.S. Coast Guard requires all owners to equip their vessels with life-saving jackets approved by the Coast Guard. However, the type of jacket and the number will depend on the number of people on board the vessel and the type of vessel as well.

But before you walk into a store to buy life jackets, you have to know which type of life jacket you’ll require and what time to wear it.

Personal Flotation Devices

These devices are commonly known as PFDs and can also be called vests or life jackets. These life-saving devices are common in boating, cruise ships and watersport activities and are also used for worker protection on bridges, ship repair, docks and oil rigs located offshore.

PFDs use the principle of buoyancy to help a person keep their head above the water if the person cannot do that themselves. In that regard, there are various ratings for various PFDs. The ratings will depend on the type of buoyancy needed and the application required.

For that, there are 5 types of PFDs approved and required by the USCG and other law enforcement agencies.

·         Type 1: 22lbs

·         Type 2: 15.5lbs for near shore buoyancy

·         Type 3: 15.5lbs which is a flotation aid

·         Type 4: 16.5lbs

·         Type 5: this ranges from 15.5 to 22lbs

Adults will need an additional 22lbs of buoyancy compared to the weight of their body. that is according to the Personal Flotation Device Manufacturer’s Association.

The following is a list of the different types of PFDs and when the USCG recommends their use.

The Offshore Life Jackets

These jackets fall in type 1 PFDs and are the best regardless of the situation or waters. Whether remote water, rough seas or open ocean. Also, these jackets can be used on vessels hired by passengers and commercial vessels.

Near Shore Vests

These vests fall in type 2 PFDs and are used on waters near the shore where rescue is fast-coming. In addition, these jackets will turn the wearers face up while in the water. The jackets can be used for other boating activities.

Flotation Aids

These aids fall in type 3 PFDs and will be used for activities listed on the device. They include:

·         Hunting

·         Kayaking

·         Canoeing

·         Water skiing

As you can see, these devices are built for watersports and some will inflate once you hit the water. Besides that, the USCG recommends that the devices be used on calm inland waters where rescue is fast-coming.

Throwable Devices

These are type 4 PFDs and as the name suggests, these devices are thrown to people in distress. Some of these devices include horseshoe buoys, ring buoys and seat cushions. Note that these devices are not wearables and therefore shouldn’t be worn by persons.

Special Use Devices

These devices fall in type 5 PFDs and are meant for special conditions and uses. Some of the uses include water skiing, kayaking and windsurfing. Some of the PFDs in this category include hybrid PFDs, deck suits and vests among others.

They work like the inflatable vests which will inflate once you hit the water.

Conclusion

Now you understand the need for flotation devices on boats or any other vessel for that matter. You also understand the different types of PFDs and when to use them. The next time you engage in water activities, make sure you have one of these PFDs with you to save lives.

For more on safety, you can visit aceboater.com and enroll for a boating license.

Helpful Camping Advice For Hunters

While it is true that hunting and camping are distinct activities in and of themselves, there are times when they converge in a unique and interesting way.

When you plan to embark on a hunting trip that also involves camping, it is not ideal to have to carry a large tent capable of housing six or more. Instead, consider a Napier Camo Sportz Truck tent that is perfectly suited for stowing in your truck's bed. It also features a Mossy Oak pattern that blends seamlessly with the environment.

Besides this key piece of equipment, there are some other things that should be considered musts when you plan to camp and hunt on the same adventure. Keeping these things in mind can make a routine outing into something truly special and utterly memorable.

There is a seemingly endless list of items that hunters would like to have as they venture out, particularly given the ability of conditions to change rapidly and the different types of hunting aficionados enjoy. The paragraphs that follow attempt to condense crucial equipment lists and ensure that no necessary materials are left behind when packing is complete.

Weaponry And Necessary Documentation

Obviously, hunters require weapons in order to engage in their chosen sport. The type of game being pursued and personal preference will likely determine what sorts of weapons are brought. It is also important to remember what types of weapons are legal to be used and whether you are entitled to possess them.

There are hunters who opt for crossbows when hunting, and others who tend to choose rifles or shotguns. The key is to understand how each weapon works and how to operate it in a safe manner.

Hunting novices are well-advised to participate in a safety course designed for the particular weapon they intend to use. This prevents accidents that can result in injury or death to hunters or their companions.

Once you have settled on your weapons and are prepared to use them safely, it is generally necessary to obtain a Hunter Education Certificate in the majority of jurisdictions. This requires passage of a hunting safety training course. This is typically a prerequisite to obtaining a license to hunt.

A Favorite Hunting Knife

Every experienced hunter will attest to the importance of a top-quality hunting knife. This will not be necessary only for skinning, it can also be a real lifesaver. Many long-time hunters have a knife that they consider their go-to and would never leave home without.

The best knife is one that is comfortable to hold and can stand up to heavy work such as chopping large branches. Be certain to bring cutlery that can handle anything you throw at it and is durable enough to last for this trip and many more. An item like this as well as an understanding of the landscape and animals around can be a great help - for example check out this piece on deer rubs and scrapes as well as others in this blog to get an idea of how you can read your surrounds.

Emergency First Aid Supplies

Because it is always possible to sustain injuries on an outdoor adventure, particularly one that involves knives and other weapons, it is smart to bring a first aid supply kit. Make certain to at least have bandage material, alcohol and antibiotic ointment.

These supplies will be sufficient to handle abrasions or cuts, but it is never a bad idea to have extra items on hand to last the duration of the outing.

Survival Gear

Though it does not take much to equip yourself with these types of items, they can be extraordinarily valuable in a pinch. At minimum, consider bringing a Mylar heating cloth that can be used in the event you are separated from your group and are unable to make it back to camp at night.

Also have handy a package of waterproof matches, a reliable compass, fire starter, rope, water purification tablets, a flashlight with additional batteries and a supply of emergency rations.

While you will need to spend a bit of extra money for these items, they can make all the difference in your ability to get through a difficult journey in one piece. Store these goods together with your first aid supplies, and you will have tremendous peace of mind.

Hunting Clothes

These types of garments are not supposed to be fashion statements. Rather, their purpose is to alert other hunters to your presence for the purpose of safety. Durable clothes are essential for hunting, and do not make the mistake of thinking you can get away with wearing just anything.

Tough boots are critical for ensuring dry feet, and a thick hunting jacket will make certain you are warm and do not fall victim to damp conditions. Base layering can also go a long way toward keeping you comfortable. Multiple thinner layers are far better than one bulky item, as they work to keep warm air against the body more effectively.

Wipes

This may sound a little silly to come, but handling messy animal carcasses is an activity that calls for a quick, easy and accessible method of clean-up. A can of sanitizing wipes can be a godsend when it comes time to eat or simply at the end of a busy hunting day. The only caveat is that these wipes should not be the scented variety, as they can alert animals to your presence, thwarting your success on the hunt.

A Prepper’s Guide on How to Build a Long Term Survival Shelter

Learn four steps to follow if you want to build a long-term survival shelter when the situation gets nasty. The process is so simple that anyone can pull it off provided he or she has the right information. You too can do it. Use this resource to build a suitable shelter to meet your needs and requirements.

Knowing how to build a long-term survival shelter is perhaps the most basic survival strategies a prepper should hone. A long-term survival shelter is vital if your retreat or home is compromised due to an extended period of collapse. In such cases, a low-quality family tent or a poncho shelter will only serve you for so long. 

Such shelter should be able to protect you and your loved ones from the direct effects of the elements. It should also be strong enough to resist wild animals. While you need to have some survival skills, you need not be a professional to build a long-term survival shelter. Here you can also read about Permanent Shelter in the Wilderness click here.

You can learn and master the necessary skills by reading this tutorial. It aims to provide you with reliable information to help you build a dependable shelter for long-term survival in case SHTF. Even more beautiful is that you can build it using natural resources you obtain from the environment.

The Necessary Tools and Equipment

•    Axe

•    Hatchet

•    Shovel

•    Large knife

•    Multi-tool

•    Paracord

•    Lighter

•    Tarp

•    Heavy duty gloves

•    Bivvy Sack

The raw materials for building this survival structure are available in the woods. The listed tools and equipment should aid you in building it. Ensure you put safety first by using gloves and other safety gear. You do not want any tool to fail when you need it most. Therefore, ensure you check the condition of the tools before you pack them. You may include all the tools you need but remember to keep things light.

Steps To Follow To Build a Long-Term Shelter

Step 1: Find a Prime Spot for the Shelter

You cannot afford to be injudicious when it comes to picking the spot for building your long-term shelter. The spot should be in a location that will let you sleep and rest peacefully. The no-go zones include muddy, swampy or bumpy grounds.

It’s a brilliant idea to build it close to a water source. However, it would be a terrible idea to establish it right next to a water source. This is because the water level could suddenly rise and flood your shelter in a matter of seconds.

Also, avoid locating the shelter directly under a stiff cliff or in a lower ground. The aim is to protect the shelter from landslides or surface runoff following a heavy downpour. While it may be nice to situate the shelter on a raised or higher ground, such areas are in the direct pathway of strong winds.

The best ground for building a long shelter is a flat area surrounded by proximity terrains. It is easier to build a shelter on such ground. Besides, you will start a fire with much ease. In case you fail to find a flat spot then you can dig trenches or try to flatten the ground as you possibly can.

Step 2: Determine Your Needs and Preferences

A survival shelter does not have to be comfortable. However, it should be able to offer you adequate protection from the elements as well as other influences from the environment. The first consideration should be the capacity. How many people are going to use the shelter?

You also need to consider how much time you will spend in the shelter. The prevailing temperature of the area is as important just as the overall weather of the area. The kind of shelter you build also depends on whether you will start a fire within the shelter or outside. Failure to take care of these issues could predispose you to the complications of extreme temperatures.

Step 3: Draw a Design for Your Long-Term Shelter

Talking of long-term survival shelters, you have to choose from a pull of designs. Each of the designs possesses unique qualities to suit different situations and well as needs. The answers to questions posed in step two above should guide you on the design to choose. Here are some common long-term survival shelter designs:

•    Lean-To Design  

This design is extremely simple to build. It also provides lots of space. All you need are tall standing trees, branches, and limbs. Select two tall trees that are approximately 6 to 8 feet apart. Collect some straight and strong branches.

Using a paracord, tie a long branch across the two trees forming a reversed U-shaped frame. You can then arrange smaller branches and limbs along the frame to the bottom and securing them with additional paracord. Cover the gaps in the shelter with additional branches, leaves, bushes, and appropriate debris.

•    A Wicki-Up Design

Building a Wicki-up shelter is a little bit more involving than building a lean-to shelter. To build it, you will need a lot more branches to form a frame. The size of the frame will determine the overall size of the resultant shelter. Once you make the frame, use additional branches, bushes, leaves, and debris to cover gaps.

Find a few dozens of long branches and bind them together to construct a funnel frame. Set the funnel upside down and cover it with similar vegetations. The result is a well-ventilated shelter that will protect you from elements. If the cover you use consists of fresh and wet vegetation then you can start a fire within.

•    Snow Cave Shelter Design

This shelter design is ideal for survival during winter. A snow cave will offer you perfect shelter from cold weather and freezing winds. To build this kind of shelter, select a spot with a very deep snow bank. Use your shovel to scoop snow in order to dig a tunnel into the side of the snow bank.

Dig up enough space within the snow bank to fit your needs. Ensure the top of the sleeping compartment is a few inches away from the snow surface above. This is to prevent the roof from collapsing due to weight. Poke a few holes within the surface to act as ventilators.

Step 4: Finish Building Your Shelter

You have now learned how to make the three different types. The type you choose is entirely your prerogative. Once you have your shelter, slide the supplies you need to have a resting and sleeping place. Ensure there is enough room for everyone who will be responsible in the wilderness.

If the ground you have chosen is not flat or has poor drainage then you can dig trenches around to prevent your shelter from being flooded by surface runoff. You also need to ensure the cover is thick enough to provide you with good insulation from the elements.

Final Thoughts  

That is how to build a long-term survival shelter. It is simple as that. As you can see, it does not require any special skills or professional training to pull off. Do not try to make something complex because a survival shelter does not have to be as comfortable as your house. The good thing now is that you know what to do in case you find yourself in a dire situation that interrupts your normal life.

5 Questions to Know if You Have Good First-Aid Skills and Knowledge

When you are faced with an emergency, in most cases time is of the essence, so you have to act fast. Would you know what to do in different situations? Will you be ready for anything that comes your way in a crisis?

If preparing for emergencies now could possibly save someone’s life in the future, what could be more important than learning what to do?

Of course, nobody wants to think about these things, but the truth is disasters happen no matter what. This article can at least help give you some first aid basics for common scenarios while you can get a well-equipped first aid kit and more by visiting this website.

5 Questions to know if you have good first aid skills and knowledge

1. Do you know what to do if someone is unresponsive from drowning or other?

If you should ever come across someone who is unresponsive and you are the only one at the scene (or the only one, who knows what to do,) first and most importantly– do not panic and call 911.

Call out to the person and then try to tap or squeeze their shoulder, but do not attempt to shake them awake. Next, check to see if they are breathing. If you don’t see their stomach and chest moving, try tilting their head back to straighten out their tongue, since the muscles relax while unresponsive, and could cause the tongue to block the airway. Put your ear to their mouth and listen very carefully for breaths, you may also be able to feel their breath on your face. [1]

In addition, check to see if they have a pulse by placing two fingers lightly on the side of their neck right below the ear for ten seconds.

If no breathing or pulse is apparent, immediately begin chest compressions to pump blood into the brain and ventilation also known as, “rescue breathing” or “mouth to mouth recess cetacean” to fill the lungs with oxygen and keep everything going until help arrives. If there is a pulse, then there is no need for compressions only ventilation is required. [2]

For chest compressions, place one hand over the other in the center of the chest and push down firmly and continuously. After 30 thrusts of compressions, give two breaths into the mouth by pinching the nostrils shut and covering their mouth completely with yours. Then back to compressions and continue to switch back and forth until help arrives or the person starts to breathe on their own.

2. Can you stop or control bleeding?

The number one cause of trauma-related preventable deaths is uncontrolled bleeding. This is very unfortunate since it is not very hard to stop or slow bleeding down enough to save a person’s life. Had someone taken the time out to read an article like this — as you are doing now — many victims would still be with us today.

Let’s start with what constitutes bleeding that is “life-threatening”

• Bleeding that continuously flows from a wound

• Bleeding that soaks clothing

• Part of an arm or leg is lost

• Blood soaked bandages

• A pool of blood on the ground

• Someone is unconscious or confused from extensive loss of blood

• Blood that spurts out

In the case of any of the above happening, you will have to take action immediately.

Start by calling 911 then remove clothing so that you will be able to see any wounds that are bleeding heavily. Do not attempt to remove anything lodged in the wound as this could cause it to bleed even more. [3]

Use a tourniquet by applying it two to three inches above the wound making sure to place it above joints. When using a tourniquet pull it tightly until the blood flow stops and then fasten it to stay in place. It is very important that you note the time of placement and let whoever takes over know the time since leaving it on too long could cause the patient to lose the limb.

If there is no tourniquet available, or something you could tie tightly above the wound, then apply pressure to the wound by placing gauze or a clean cloth over it, then using both hands to push down firmly and hold. If the wound is above the neck or very deep then you should stuff the gauze or clean cloth directly into it and again, keep a firm hold. In the case of the limbs, try to keep them placed above the heart. [4]

3. Would you know what to do if someone has a head wound/concussion?

Head wounds are common in disasters, especially tornados and windstorms. However, they can also occur while playing sports or during other activity. Some concussions can be severe while most are not. However, recent research has found that concussions may be worse than previously thought, especially when the person has had them multiple times. [7]

If you suspect that someone has a concussion because of a neck or spine injury, do not attempt to move him or her unless it’s necessary. If you must move the patient, do so very carefully while trying to keep the back and neck as stationary as possible to avoid further damage to the neck or spine. [5]

Another thing that you should not do if a concussion is suspected is giving the patient food or water since it could cause them to vomit and disrupt their breathing. [6]

When the head suffers a blow it can cause bleeding or swelling of the brain, which can be serious, but these are worse case scenarios. The first thing to do is, hold the patient's head between your two hands in the position the patient was already in to immobilize the patient's head.

Next, reduce swelling by applying ice packs or anything cold — like frozen foods — to the wounded area without pushing hard and keep the patient up and alert by asking a variety of easy questions such as, “what is your name?” and “what is today's date?” until help gets there. [7]

4. What would you do if a person were badly burned?

Being burned is no fun and the more severe the burns are, the more deadly they can be, not to mention painful. Fortunately, people can be burned pretty badly and still survive but may need help. Here is what you can do to help a burned victim.

• Determine the source of the burn first before approaching the patient. If the cause was electrical, then make sure the power is turned off before coming in contact with the victim to ensure your own safety.

• If the victim is not breathing, distribute rescue breathing shown above.

• Next, remove any belts, jewelry, or anything else wrapped around an area on the person’s body, as burns tend to swell rapidly.

• Wet bandages or cloth in cool water and use them to cover the areas that are burnt. Note: Never immerse burns that are severe in water as this could cause the body to lose its heat (hypothermia.)

• Try to elevate the wounded areas above heart level.

• Watch the victim for signs of shock, such as unusual breathing, pale skin tone, or passing out, and more.[8]

5. How would you handle a broken bone?

Each year, approximately 6.8 million people in the U.S. will break a bone. In fact, over their course of a lifetime, almost every American will break at least two bones. [9]

Fortunately, in most cases, a broken bone does not require emergency assistance unless the bone is severely protruding through the skin or is located in the neck, head, pelvis, or spine area, then it is serious business that will require immediate attention. No matter where the fracture may be, try not to move it, especially if the broken bone is in one of the more severe locations.

The following are good indicators of a broken bone/fracture…

• Excruciating pain

• Unable to move or bare down on the affected area

• The bone may look out of place, crooked, or misshapen

• In more severe cases, the bone may stick out of the skin and cause bleeding

• Swelling and/or bruising may become apparent almost immediately

• A tingling sensation or numbness may occur below the injury

• Shortness of breath is also possible

• The victim may feel nauseous

• The patient loses consciousness

Should any of these symptoms occur, call 911 before taking further action. If you are not professionally trained, do not attempt to align the broken bone as this can cause worse damage to nerves and blood vessels.

If the broken bone is located in a limb than you should make a splint out of something hard enough to keep the area immobilized like cardboard, hard plastic, or a stick. Stand it up next to the injured bone and tie something around it to keep it secured.

Moreover, elevate the injured area while applying ice packs to reduce swelling and pain. Try to keep the patient calm and comfortable by covering them with a blanket until help arrives. [10]

Conclusion

Although the above mentioned, are the most common risks that people face during an emergency crisis, there are plenty more and there also may be more ways to handle them, which you can learn about by simply searching in google.

Imagine all the lives that could be saved, if everyone were to learn these basic first aid skills. There is no better feeling than knowing that someone is alive today because of something that you did.

REFERENCES

[1] Learn first aid for someone who is unresponsive and not breathing – Red Cross

[2] CPR – 123 CPR

[3] Severe bleeding: First aid – Mayo Clinic

[4] What Everyone Should Know to Stop Bleeding After an Injury – Bleed Control

[5] Concussion – Health Line

[6] Emergency First Aid for Head Injuries – Family Education

[7] How to Treat Concussion – CPR Certified

[8] Burns: First aid – Mayo Clinic

[9] Fractures - MediNiche

[10] How to Provide First Aid for a Broken Bone – WikiHow

About the Author:

Conrad Novak is a proud father of two children. His journey as a prepper began when Hurricane Katrina hit and he lost his job due to the 2008 economic crisis. That made him realize that everything can change for the worst in a very short time. This experience was the detonator for him to pursue learning and becoming better prepared to face the kind of unexpected disasters that may occur at any point in our lives. You can read more of his content at SurvivorsFortress.com

Tips for Traveling with an RV

Have you ever dreamed of packing the entire family in an RV and just start driving? I’m sure you did and so have others, but for many, the RV dream is just that: a dream. Now, if you’re truly passionate about the outdoor and you’d like to enjoy yourself on the road for a few weeks, the RV is the best way to do it.

It’s accessible, it’s a lot cheaper than staying in hotels, and allows for some amazing bonding moments. However, it’s not all roses and unicorns, especially when you travel with the entire family! The space in an RV may be well-designed, but it’s still compact and tight, which tends to get very annoying when anxiety hits.

I learned this from years of RVing around with the kids, and now I have a nice guide for anyone who wants to optimize the experience.

Learn how your RV Works

While they’re not that difficult to maneuver (especially modern ones), they have a lot more controls and gadgets than a regular car. So, before you start a few weeks long trip, take the time to drive it around the home base and learn what every switch and button does.

Also, have a look under the hood and pay attention to the waste disposal system. Learn how to hook it to a power line and how to add fresh water, play with the cleaning system, and always do a bit of tinkering around the engine. This way, you’ll be able to solve most of the possible problems yourself and avoid spending unnecessarily on mechanics and towing services.

Invest in Comfort

I already mentioned that space is crowded, but it can get really crowded after one or two weeks of constant living in the RV. So, to reduce the discomfort, I strongly recommend getting some high-quality beds (https://www.mattressmatchers.com/best-rv-bed/) – after all, if everyone sleeps well, it’s less likely to feel irritated.

Also, try to create a system where everyone gets to use the shower and the facilities without having to wait around. Keep things clean and every item in its place to avoid cluttering the small space – organization should be the word of the day!

Get Creative with Cooking

While the kitchen area is not fantastic, by day four you’ll all be fed up with no-cook meals! So, bring out your creativity and look for some meals that can be cooked over a camping fire or a small stove. The kids will appreciate a warm meal and the atmosphere around the fire will be a lot more pleasant than being crammed in the RV.

Also, if you like fishing, you now have a fantastic opportunity to show off your skills! Pull the RV near a river and become the proverbial meal provider of the family by bringing home some freshly caught fish. It will be delicious on the grill or cooked in a pot.

Additional Power Source

Usually, the RV uses power from the battery or from the main line (when hooked up), but you can also use solar panels specially designed for campers. They don’t occupy much space and you can easily install them on the roof of your RV. Furthermore, some are powerful enough to power up several gadgets at a time, so the kids could charge their phones and tablets, while you’re using a laptop.

It’s a great way to save battery life and get some green energy out of your trip!

In Conclusion

RVing is a wonderful experience that will teach the kids about being outdoors and will reinforce the bonds between travelers. But, to have the best trip, it’s important to be creative and tolerant of the others.

A Guide to Starting Bow Fishing

Do you love hunting or shooting with bows? Or, do you enjoy fishing? Have you ever thought about fishing with a bow or bow fishing? Bow fishing is a fun and rewarding sport. Here is my personal experience practising bow fishing.

As I was growing up in a place not too far from a wonderful creek in the farmlands of the Midwestern United States, I got to learn that if you can’t catch’em with a hook and line, just shoot’em. So, I decided to try bow fishing to catch some Carp.

How I Started Bow Fishing

Like most kids, I was very adventurous in my early years. I used to try everything from making weapons to shooting arrows with makeshift bows. I was lucky to have shot some rifles and shotguns as a kid. I also made slingshots and even made a sling very similar to the one David used on Goliath in the bible. But, somehow the bow and arrow seemed to be my weapon of choice. There was one issue however. I couldn’t make a good bow and arrow all by myself and I didn’t have enough cash to purchase them as a kid.

On one summer vacation while in Carr Lake in Northern Indiana, my dad and I went to a local hardware store to look for some supplies. The store had the usual tools and equipment, some fishing gear and even some bows and arrows. While looking around,  I stumbled on a fine 45 lb pull recurve bow that was being sold for $20. I immediately decided to gather some money from doing chores like cutting grass and come back for the bow.

I ended up mowing lawns all across towns for several bucks each and after a few weeks, I had gathered enough money to buy the bow. I went back to the exact hardware store where I had seen the bow only to find that it’s price had been increased. I was very disappointed, something that even the hardware store attendant realized and asked if everything was okay. I told the attendant that I had seen the bow a couple of weeks back and it was being sold for $20 but now the price had gone up. I explained that I had to work really hard to get the money for the bow but now I didn’t have enough to get it. Helplessly, he told me that he was sorry and that there was nothing he could do about the price.

Luckily, the owner of the hardware store owner was present and overheard our talk. He came over and talked to the attendant. The attendant apologized  and told me that the bow had been mispriced and that the price had been adjusted. The store owner then approached me and asked a few questions, and then instructed the attendant to let me purchase the bow for $20. At first, I didn’t believe it. I was very ecstatic and I guess that is why I ended up becoming such an excellent bow hunter. I quickly rushed home and started teaching myself how to shoot. I set up numerous targets all over my back yard. It didn’t take long before I had mastered the art of shooting. My bow became my weapon of choice for all manner of sports and games.

Use A Longbow or Recurve Bow For Instinctive Bow Fishing

A longbow or recurve bow is perfect for bow hunting. I found that with practice I could instinctively hit targets with ease. I didn’t need to do much to hit targets. Later on, I purchased a compound bow that I now use to hunt big game but with it, I could never hit targets instinctively. I know that there are many people who currently use compound bows for bow fishing but from experience I have learned that this is not the best bow for fishing. This is because when shooting fish swimming under water, you don’t shoot directly at the target lest you miss. With bow fishing, you must learn to shoot beneath the target.

Learning Bow Fishing – The First Carp I Caught With An Arrow

I learned about bow fishing as a sport through a magazine article. It seemed fun and after checking the local fishing regulations, I found that it was okay to catch carp using a bow and arrow. I remembered how there were plenty of big carp swimming in the creek and so I decided that I would go bow fishing. There was one problem though, I didn’t have the bow mounted string reel, string and fiberglass arrows that were described in the article. I asked myself what would happen if i shot a carp with one of the wooden arrows that I had commonly used for target practice.

There was only one way to find out. I went to the creek which was medium in size meaning water could not go past the knee. The holes in the creek were also not that big and so the water could not go past the waist. I was not afraid to walk through the water. I was already used to fishing that way. it was much more convenient and easier this way than to maneuver through brush and weeds along banks. I was able to identify where the holes were and find the best places to fish with my bow steadily in hand.

It was not long before I came across some carp swimming around my vicinity and I immediately took my shot. Wow, I missed! I didn’t understand how I could miss that. The fish was right there. I saw another one and took my shot only to miss again. What was going on? I thought I was a dead shot by now. How could I be missing targets that were so close. Next I saw a carp that was right at the surface of the water with its dorsal fin perfectly visible, I took the shot and got him.

Off he went on swimming fast with the arrow sticking out of his body. I quickly chased after him but he couldn’t swim fast enough and decided to hide in the deepest hole he could find. The arrow was protruding from one of the holes so I grabbed it and pulled it upwards forcing the fish out of the water. I finally caught one and he didn’t manage to escape.

How To Hit A Fish – Aiming Underwater Targets

That day, I learned a couple of things. I went back home and read up all I could on bow fishing. I learned that because of refraction in water, fish are not always where they appear to be. Fish in water appear to above their actual position. With this new found knowledge, I learned that I should shoot about 3 inches below the position the fish appeared to be. I hardly missed a target from then henceforth.

The deeper the position of the fish, the more refraction you can expect. You must always remember this fact in order to make the necessary adjustments to your bow and arrow. It may seem a little awkward shooting at a location where nothing appears to be but after some time, you will be able to know instinctively where to position your bull’s eye.

Is All That Bow Fishing Equipment Really Necessary?

Something else I learned is that you do not necessarily need a whole bunch of bow fishing equipment especially if you are fishing in a small or medium sized creek with shallow holes. However, If you are bow fishing in a big river or lake, you may need to have some barbed arrows, reel and string so that you do not have to chase after the fish after you have caught them.

Cheap fishing lures work for Pike – Do they work?

It’s common knowledge that angling or sport fishing is one of the world’s best hobbies and game fishes such as the northern pike provide a mix of thrill and excitement.

However, pike fishing does pose a challenge to avid anglers all over and it’s not just these are aggressive swimmers that put up a good fight when they’re hooked, but that the lures aren’t exactly wallet-friendly.

It doesn’t exactly help either that the pikes are rather finicky creatures that won’t bother with a terrible looking low-class lure.

Luckily, this post has the remedy for all your woes. Below are just a handful of the most legit types of lures that are crafted to please even the big ones and won’t poke a hole in your money-holder either.

 

  • Lixada Fishing Bass Lure

 

 

At $5.99, the Lixada Fishing Bass Lure is a 7-segment multi-jointed bionic fishing bait with lifelike 3D eyes, realistic swimming action, durable fabric made from high quality eco-friendly ABS material, and a pulling force of up to 17 kg that is capable of nabbing any vicious sea predator.

With those kinds of pros, the scent of a bargain isn’t far away from happening. And other than pikes, this little fella can also hook up yellow perches, basses, trouts, roaches, muskies, walleyes and more. It is pretty much the ideal bait for netting saltwater and freshwater swimmers.

 

  • Supertrip 5/8-Ounce 5-Inch 8 Segment Swimbait Lures

 

 

Here’s another one of the best cheap fishing lures for sale that provides a slew of possibilities to any angler that uses it. This 8-segment multi-jointed number brilliantly mimics the colors, patterns and movements of an actual bait fish that no fighter fish can resist.

This lure can do well at any speed and water column. It’s rigged with 2 highly durable treble hooks with flexibility hinge. An suitable all-rounder capable of hooking mandarin fish, weever, trout, snakehead and catfish among others.

 

  • Lixada Multi Jointed Segment Pike Muskie Hard Minnow Bait

 

Lixada strikes again, this time with a multi jointed segment pike muskie hard minnow bait. Realistic body details, swimming movements, rapid and smooth diving actions made with durable ABS material that can last a good long while.

It can create S-swim at any speed to provoke the hungry biters. And whether you take it back slowly or quickly after throwing, it will display realistic fluttering action.

 

  • Abu Garcia Tormentor Floating Lure

 

Pikes, zanders, basses, perches and trouts have all fallen under the spell of this magnificent lure. It requires a steady retrieve as it has a Rapala lip or a diving vein with different wobbling action and diving depth that is dependent on the size and shape of the lure.

 

  • Savage Gear 3D Topwater Duck

 

Pretty lifelike wouldn’t you say? And that’s exactly what the pikes at the end of its hook thinks so as well. The Savage Gear 3D Suicide Duck does an excellent job of mimicking the swimming actions of an actual fleeing duckling with extreme precision.

Its spinning feet action causes water to be splashed in all directions that is enough to get the attention of game fishes from a great distance. Because it is rigged with both top and bottom hook configuration, anglers are able to customize the bait for any fishing condition.

It is due to all of the aforementioned features and facilities that this bait had the honor of being the recipient of the 2016 ICAST Hard Bait category.

 

  • Savage Gear LB 3D Bleak Paddle Tail

 

The Savage Gear LB 3D Bleak Paddle Tail can perform some stellar kicking and rocking action on the drop and the retrieve. It also sports strikingly authentic baitfish details that is able to indulge any big game fish without a moment of resistance.

It is available in 3 variety of colors – bleak, rudd minnow and firetiger and is a simplistic bait that can draw saltwater and freshwater species.

Jig baits such as this need to be cast out from shallow to deep waters.

 

  • Storm WildEye Live Pike 04 Fishing Lures

 

The Storm WildEye Live Pike can capture the attention of any predator from a distance thanks to its swimming actions that are as good as the original and natural color schemes. But the real deal closers are its holographic WildEye and the holographic swimming flash foil.

It has a secure I-Bolt system, that can be rigged with a high-quality VMC needle point hook and a and treble belly hook.
Author Bio: Laraib Shahzad is a content marketer who specializes in ghost blogging, email marketing campaigns. She worked with iconic brands like AT&T and other top advertising agencies. She helped hundreds of business owners to define their ideal clients and create a marketing message that speaks directly to those clients.

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